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juice的复数,

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上方“蓝字”关注我们,让我们一起陪伴孩子成长?小学英语 学习推荐?有很多家长认为,小学英语很简单,只是读读和背背就行了。可实际情况是,现在很多学生上了辅导班,学生的
上方“蓝字”关注我们,让我们一起陪伴孩子成长?小学英语  学习推荐?

有很多家长认为,小学英语很简单,只是读读和背背就行了。可实际情况是,现在很多学生上了辅导班,学生的水平真的是参差不齐。而为了让孩子们更好的学好英语,老师准备了小学英语中一些常考的知识点归纳,希望家长们可以收藏起来,为孩子学习随时准备着:Part 1基础知识1.字母26个字母的大小写ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz2.语音:元音的发音 五个元音字母:AEIOU12个单元音:长元音:/ɑ:/,/ :/,/ :/, /i:/,/u:/短元音:/ / /e/ /i/ / / /∧/ /u/ / /3.词汇:词汇量,近反义词4.句子:大小写,标点符号Part 2语法知识一.名词:名词单复数,名词的格(一)名词单复数1.一般情况,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches3.以―辅音字母+y‖结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries4.以―f或fe‖结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives5.不规则名词复数:man-men,woman-women,policeman-policemen,policewoman-policewomen, mouse-micechild-children,foot-feet,tooth-teeth,fish-fish,people-people,Chinese-Chinese,Japanese-Japanese不可数名词的复数就是原型:paper, juice, water, milk, rice, tea二.冠词:不定冠词,定冠词种类:(一) 不定冠词:a / an元音读音开头的可数名词前用an :an egg / an apple / an orange / an eraser / an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock / an actor / an actress / an e-mail / an address / an event / an example / an opera / an hour an old man / an interesting book / an exciting sport / an action movie / an art lesson /(二)定冠词:the定冠词的用法:1.特指某(些)人或某(些)物:The ruler is on the desk.2.复述上文提到的人或物:He has a sweater. The sweater is new.3.谈话双方都知道的人或物:The boys aren‘t at school.4.在序数词前:John‘s birthday is February the second.5.用于固定词组中:in the morning / afternoon / evening 不用冠词的情况:(1)专有名词前:China is a big country.(2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:This is my baseball.(3)复数名词表示一类人和事:Monkeys can‘t swim. They are teachers.(4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day. It‘s Sunday.(5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:30.(6)球类 棋类运动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home. * 但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar very well.(7)学科名称前:My favorite subject is music.(8)在称呼或头衔的名词前:This is Mr Li.(9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus三、形容词,副词:比较级,最高级(一)、形容词的比较级1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。2.形容词加er的规则:⑴ 一般在词尾加er ;⑵ 以字母e 结尾,加r ;⑶ 以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;⑷ 以―辅音字母+y‖结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。3.不规则形容词比较级:good-better, beautiful-more beautiful(二)副词的比较级1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动) ⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后 ⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)四、动词:动词的四种时态:(一)一般现在时:一般现在时的构成1.be动词:主语+be(am, is, are)+其它。如:I am a boy. 我是一个男孩。2. 行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。如:We study English. 我们学习英语。当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。动词+s的变化规则(1)一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks(2)以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes 3.以―辅音字母+y‖结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies(二)一般过去时:动词过去式详解 动词的过去式的构成规则有:1.、规则动词① 一般直接在动词的后面加ed:如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited② 以e结尾的动词直接加d:如 lived , danced , used③ 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改y为i再加ed(此类动词较少)如 study – studied carry– carried worry – worried (注意play、stay不是辅音字母加y,所以不属于此类)④ 双写最后一个字母(此类动词较少)如 stopped B、不规则动词(此类词并无规则,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式:sing – sang , eat – ate ,see – saw , have – had , do – did , go – went , take – took , buy – bought , get – got , read – read ,fly – flew , am/is – was ,are – were , say – said , leave – left , swim – swam , tell – told , draw – drew , come – came , lose – lost , find – found , drink – drank , hurt – hurt , feel – felt(三)一般将来时:基本结构:①be going to + do;②will+ do. be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.(四)现在进行时: am,is,are+动词现在分词动词现在分词详解 动词的ing形式的构成规则:① 一般的直接在后面加上ing , 如doing , going , working , singing , eating② 以e 结尾的动词,要先去e再加ing ,如having , writing③ 双写最后一个字母的(此类动词极少)有:running , swimming , sitting , gettingPart 3语句一、陈述句(一)肯定句:是指用肯定的语气来陈述的句子,如:I‘m a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital.There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. I watched TV yesterday evening.(二)、否定句:含有否定词或表示否定意义词的句子,如:I‘m not a student. She is not(isn‘t) a doctor.He does not (doesn‘t) work in a hospital. There are not (aren‘t) four fans in our classroom. He will not (won‘t) eat lunch at 12:00. I did not (didn‘t) watch TV yesterday evening.二. 疑问句(一)一般疑问句:是指询问事实的句子,此类句子必须用―yes‖,或―no‖来回答。(二)特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)开头引导的句子。此类句子应该问什么就答什么,不能用―yes 、no‖来回答。(三)There be句型There be 句型与have, has的区别:1、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is 主语是复数,be 动词用are 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最*近be 动词的那个名词决定。3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。6、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。7、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语 ?8、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:What‘s + 介词短语?

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