您现在的位置: 首页 > 微信营销 > 情感男女 > several的用法, one和several有哪些用法?值得学习和收藏!

several的用法, one和several有哪些用法?值得学习和收藏!

作者:   来源:  热度:7  时间:2021-06-07






One和several的用法总结如下,大家记得收藏起来,后面经常翻看和识记这些区别,达到熟练运用。(一)表泛指1)one作不定代词,表泛指时,有以下形式:One has to do one’s best.人总

One和several的用法总结如下,大家记得收藏起来,后面经常翻看和识记这些区别,达到熟练运用。

(一)表泛指

1)one作不定代词,表泛指时,有以下形式:

One has to do one’s best.

人总要尽力而为。

One can’t work all the time.

人不能总是工作。

How is one to interpret his action ?

人们该怎么解释他的行为呢?

2)one意为“任何人”、“一个人”。指说话者或听话者,或泛指包括说话者在内的人们。One这样用时要注意以下两点:一是one没有复数形式;one充当句子主语时,谓语动词要用第三人称单数。二是在非正式英语中,可以用you来代替one,以显得更通俗、更口语化,更亲切些。在美语中,常用he/him/his/himself等取代one/one’s/oneself,以避免前后重复。

(二)替代词

One可以用来指代前面已出现的单数或复数可数名词,或指代同类人或物中的任意一个/些,但不能用来指代不可数名词或专有名词。这样用时,one有以下两种形式:单数形式(the)one和复数形式(the)ones。

1)one可以用作主语,表示“一个(人)”

One of the witness was bribed to give false evidence.

有一个证人因受贿而提供伪证。

One of the books is left in the classroom.

有一本书落在教室了。

2)用作宾语或介词宾语,表示“一个(人)”

The twins are so alike that it’s hard to tell one from the other.

这对孪生姐妹长得那样相像,很难把一个和另外一个区分开来。

双胞胎

It’s one for all and all for one.

这就是我为人人,人人为我。

3)用作表语,表示“一个(人)”

He is one of the leading brains in the country.

An increase in crime is one of the by-products of unemployment.

Reducing the gap between rich and poor is one of the main challenges facing the government.

注意:替代上文中已出现过的单数可数名词或复数名词,运用one/ones可以避免重复。

Miss Green is strict but kind teacher,one who cares for every pupil.

格林小姐是一位严格但和善的老师,关心着她的每一位学生。

The question was a complicated one.

这是一个复杂的问题。

The students in your class are livelier than the ones in my class.

你们班的学生比我们班的学生要活泼。(the ones在这里等同于those)

And the big fish continues to devour the little ones.

大鱼继续吃小鱼。

海豚的吻

注意:这样用时,one可以带有自己的限制性从句,也可以用指示代词、which等修饰。其中“形容词+one(s)”多用来表示选择和比较。还可和形容词或代词连用:

Which one do you mean ?

你指哪一个?

I mean this one.

我指这一个。

Can you show me a better one ?

你可否拿一个更好的给我看?

I want larger ones,not small ones.

我不要小的,我要大些的。

注意:当one前面有形容词修饰时,形容词前必须有冠词或代词。

The best one

最好的一个

A nice one

一个好的

Her last one

她的最后一个

(三)作定语

1)用作定语(也可称为限定词),表示“一个”

He can’t tell one tree from another.

他不会分辨树木。

There is only one piece of cake left.

只剩下一块蛋糕了。

One flower makes no garland.

(谚)一朵花不能形成花环。(独木不成林。)

I see you add the egg before the milk,that is one way of doing it.

我看见你先加鸡蛋后放牛奶,这时一种做法。

2)还可以和表示时间的名词连用

One night there few over the city a little swallow.

一天晚上一只小燕子从城市上空飞过。

One morning she was called to the headmaster’s office.

一天早上她被叫到校长办公室去了。

You’ll regret it one day.

总有一天你会后悔的。

One afternoon he went out with Judy.

一天下午他和朱迪一起外出。

小燕子

3)有时还可表示“唯一的”

He is the one man who can do it.

他是唯一能做这事的人。

It was her one great sorrow.

这事唯一她感到很伤心的事。

The one way to succeed is to work hard and live a healthy life.

成功的唯一途径是努力地工作和健康地生活。

She will be remembered for that one book alone.

仅仅那一本书就可以使她留名于世了。

She was the one bright ray in his narrow gloomy life.

她是他狭小而阴郁的生活圈子里唯一的亮光。

Her one fault appeared to be that she was too quite.

她唯一的缺点就是过于沉默寡言。

(四)用于姓名之前表示说话者不知其人(one相当于a certain)

One Tim Smith called to see you but you were out.

有个叫蒂姆斯密斯的来过电话找你,但是你不在。

The author of the anonymous article turned out to be one Stanley Carter.

那篇匿名文章的作者原来是个叫史丹利卡特的人。

(五)强调数量

one用作代词,有时强调数量,意为“一个”、“一个人”、“某一个”或“唯一一个”等。此时one既可用作名词性代词,也可用作形容词性代词。One后多跟of短语,其复数形式可用some/any。

There is not one of us but wishes to help you.

我们所有人都想帮你。

He is the only one to speak out against the closure of the hospital.

只有他一人直言不讳地表示反对关闭医院。

(六)代替a或an以强调其后的名词或词组

That’s one handsome guy.

那个小伙子很帅气。

It was one hell of a match.

那场比赛精彩极了。

比赛

(七)用作支撑词

One可用作引导定语从句的或其他后置定语的支撑词,其含义多半靠其后面的从句等来明确。

John is one who must certainly be invited.

约翰肯定是必须邀请的。

(八)it与one

It和one都可以代替上文出现过的名词,但二者是有区别的。It往往指上文出现过的特定事物,即同一事物;而one则代替与前面事物同属一类事物中的一个

The electrical fan is new,but it doesn’t work well.

这台风扇是新的,但运转不好。(指同一台电扇)

This electrical fan doesn’t work well.I’ll try a new one.

这台电扇运转不好,请给我换一台新的。(不是同一台电扇)

风扇

(九)省略one的情况

① 形容词最高级“the+比较级”后面的one可以省略(如果是ones最好不要省,以免被误解为单数)。

② this/that/these/those之后的one可以省略(those/these较少与ones连用)。

③ 在“the+描述性形容词”之后的one可以省略。

④ 在next和last之后的one可以省略。

⑤ either/neither/former/latter/which可以独立使用,也可在其后加one(s)。

⑥ another及other(单数)可单用,也可与one连用。Other用于复数时,可以用others或other ones表示。

⑦ 序数词之后可加one(s),也可不加。

⑧ 所有格-’s之后不能加one(s),whose后也不能加one(s)。

(十)several的用法

1)several作定语,表示“几个”

Several causes operated to bring about war.

那场战争的起因有几个。

We found ourselves in opposition to several colleagues on this issue.

我们在这一问题上与几个同事意见相左。

Without the patronage of several large firms,the festival could not take place.

没有几个大公司的赞助,就没有这一庆典。

I explained the problem to him several times,but it didn’t seem to penetrate.那个问题我向他解释过多次,似无所悟。

2)作主语

Several of us decided to walk home.

我们中有几个人决定步行回家。

There was a fire in the art gallery and several of paintings were destroyed.

美术馆失火了,一些画被烧毁了。

Several of you need to work harder.

你们有几个人还需要努力。

Several of the apples are rotten,and several more have worm holes.

有几个苹果烂了,还有几个有虫眼。

Several of her colleagues agreed with his decision.

她的同事中有几位同意她的决定。

同意

3)作宾语

I already have several.

我已经有几个了。

He invited several of his friends to the show.

他邀请了几个朋友去观看演出。

We managed to recover several of the missing articles.

我们设法找回了几件丢失的物品。

If you are looking for a photo of Alice,you will find several in here.

如果你是在找爱丽丝的照片,你可以在这里找到几张。

One和several的用法总结如上,大家可以收藏起来,后面经常翻看和识记这些区别;或者选择“关注”,后面有更多英语专题分享出来,通过系统的英语专题学习以达到熟练的运用。



-----------------------

前面我连续发了几篇文章,探讨other、others、the other、the others、another等词的用法。今天,我试着结合最近金钱豹外逃、追捕的热点时事,写一篇小短文,把这些用法都总结一下。这也是几周前我开始写other系列文章的时候承诺过的,迂延至今,可以说是很晚的了。当然,在此之前,我们还是要先复习一下之前的几篇文章:

《》

《》

《》

文章如下,附本人官方的参考译文:

Several days ago, news came that three young leopards escaped from a Hangzhou zoo. Some villagers in the countryside found one, while other people spotted another. They called up the police. Search dogs were sent to track down the leopards, and soon they caught two of them. They tried to corner the other, but it escaped anyway. Some dogs were bitten, while others kept on fighting with the leopard. Maybe they needed another couple of days to bring it back to the zoo.

几天前,传来消息,说杭州一家动物园有三只未成年豹子逃逸了。乡间的一些村民发现了一只豹子,而其他也有人发现了豹子。他▊们打电话报了警。搜救犬被派出来追踪这几只豹子,很快它们就抓住了其中的两只。它们试图合围另外一只,但是它还是跑了。有几条狗被豹子咬了,其他的狗继续跟豹子搏斗。也许还需要几天时间,才能把豹子捉回动物园去。

Billy was one of the best dogs in the search team. He did very well in the hunt. After the escape of the third leopard, he and the other dogs were sent back to the police station for a break. He had a good rest on the way back, while the others played along.

比利是搜救团队里最优秀的狗之一。它在本次搜救行动中表现优异。在豹子逃脱后,它跟其他的狗都被送回警队休息一下。它在回去的路上好好休息了一下,其他的狗却都在嬉闹。

Billy’s pal, Beatrice, was another good hunter dog known for her acute sense of smell. She and three other dogs were the ones bitten by the fierce animal. Luckily, she was not seriously hurt, and would recover in a week or two. No other dogs were hurt during the hunt. If there were any other chance that she could get hold of the leopard, she would not hesitate to jump on it again!

比利的搭档,碧翠斯,也是一条优秀的猎犬,以极为灵敏的嗅觉而闻名。她和另外三条狗就是被凶猛的豹子咬伤的那几条狗。幸运的是,碧翠斯受伤并不重,一两个星期就能恢复。搜救行动期间没有其他狗受到伤害。如果再有其他机会,碧翠斯还是会扑上去咬住那只豹子的!

Dr. Hu, Billy and Beatrice's trainer, was pleased with the dogs' work. He is thinking of training another pair of search dogs, and now he is speaking on the phone to the police officer in charge. On the other end of the line is Mr. Huang, director of the serach. They are talking about the hunt and the missing leopard, and the training plan for more search dogs.

胡博士,比利和碧翠斯的训练员,对两条狗的表现感到满意。他在思考再训练一对搜救犬的事情,现在就在跟负责的警官打电话。电话的另一头是本次搜救的负责人黄警官。他▊们聊了本次搜救,聊了在逃的金钱豹,还聊了训练更多搜救犬的计划。

other这个词的用法,无疑是比较复杂的,但结合具体的情景,不难理解上面这些other、the other、another的用法。希望我这篇小短文,对大家能有所帮助。
“白话英语”系列欢迎朋友们点题,我必知无不言,言无不尽!请在本文留言区留下您的问题。敬请朋友们帮我转发扩散本文,感谢!点一下文章右下角的“在看”,也是帮我。欢迎朋友们加我微信1825857217探讨英语学习方法、英语语言疑难、儿童教育规律等话题。原创不易,期待打赏。感谢你们,亲爱的朋友!

1

few, a few, little, 

alittle, several, some

  • few和 little用于否定句,表示“很少”或“几乎没有”;

  • a few和 a little用于肯定句,表示“有一些,有一点儿”?

  •  few 和 a few修饰可数名词;little 和 a little 修饰不可数名词。

  • several 用于修饰可数名词,语意比 a few 和some 更肯定,含有“好几个”的意思。

  • some可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词,从数量上说,它有时相当于a few或 alittle,有时指更多一些的数量。

最后,

希望大家可以点击下方在看”和 “赞”

分享给更多的朋友吧!

:)祝您生活愉快~

▍声明:文章综合来自网络,版权归原作者所有,如有侵权请联系小编删除!  

小学英语  综合知识 / 标签 

汤汤 / 编辑

 END ●

——— 小学语数英 ID:xxysy100 ———

转载请注明出处:several的用法, one和several有哪些用法?值得学习和收藏!:http://www.720weixin.com/marketing/436613.html
  • 登录

    使用微信帐号直接登录,无需注册